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Citric Vocabulary

A

Albedo

The inside part of the citrus bark which has a white color and contain essential oils, pectin and cellulose.

Antociano

Is the coloring part of the plants.

Apex

Top end or tip.

Areola

This is the circular area which surrounds the estilar point.

B

Beam

Top of the leaf.

Belly button

Depression shown at the apex of the fruit.

Branchy

Alteration propitiated in the fruit rind as a result of the friction with leaves or branches.

Bufado

Separation of bark pulp.

C

Carotenoid

Vegetable organic pigments. Ranging from yellow to red.

Columela

Spongy plant organ shaped as shaft or column, which can be formed between the sections, in the central part of the fruit.

Cortex

The outside part of the root, stem and fruit of a plant.

Crinoline

Widening of the trunk, which occurs frequently in the area between the pattern and the grafted variety.

D

Dissolved solids

Number of sugars and acids in citrus juices.

E

Endocarp

Inner layer of the three that form the pericarp of the fruit, corresponding to the slices.

Estilar area

Part of the fruit which has been located the estilar.

F

Foliage

Set of leaves of trees and other plants.

Fusiform

Spindle-shaped.

G

Greening

Regain greenish color.

H

Habit

Port of a plant.

Hybrid

Vegetable procreated by two individuals of different species.

Hydro soluble

It can be dissolved in water.

Hypertrophy

Overgrowth.

I

Inflorescence

Positioned order in which the flowers appear in the plants.

L

Latent

That remains in a rudimentary state, which does not develop.

Leafy

Plenty of leaves and branches.

Leathery

With consistency of leather.

Loculo

Cavity of an organ, generally of a fruit.

Log

Solid part of the branches or trunks located under the bark. wood.

Lycopene

Is the coloring principle of many fruits.

M

Mamelon

Development of the fruit rind that is shaped like a nipple.

Mammiform

Shaped as breasts.

Masting

Alternating production.

Maturity index

Relationship or ratio between the dissolved solids and the total acidic juice.

Membrane

Any tissue or tissues aggregation which has a laminar form and is soft in consistency.

Mesocarpo

Middle part of the pericarp.

Monoembryo

Seed formed by two cotyledons or seed containing a single embryo.

N

Naringin

Bitter principle of the grapefruit, and its bitter taste.

Neck

Extension of the fruit in the stem portion having the same characteristics as the crust and that acquires a targeted way that stands out from the typical rounded or ellipsoidal shape.

Nucellus

Inside of the egg.

O

Oblong

Longer than wider.

Ovoid

Egged-shape.

P

Parthenocarpy

Development of a seedless fruit due to lack of pollination, fertilization fault or embryo development failure.

Peduncle

Holding flower stalk and therefore also holds the fruit or the corresponding branch.

Peduncular area

Part of the fruit where the stem has been located.

Peduncular region

Space or area around the stem, in the fruit.

Pericarp

Set of layers forming the fruit epicarp, mesocarp and endocarp.

Piriform

Similar to a pear.

Pulp

Fleshy organic matter, often the mesocarp of the fruit.

R

Reniform

Kidney-shaped.

S

Scalloped

Having the edge-shaped wave or scalloped.

Sepal

Flower leaf, usually brightly colored or white. Usually green and more or less modified that make up the chalice.

Septa

Membranous partition or division separating two internal cavities in an organism (segments).

Serrated

Leaf tissue with tooth-shaped protrusions.

Sessile

Any organ or organ parts without a base.

Slump

Concavity of any length on a surface.

Spine

Organ or part of it that hardens and is pointed.

T

Tangelo

Hybrid between tangerine and grapefruit.

Tangor

Orange and mandarin hybrid.

Total acids

It is mainly citric acid, accompanied by malic, tartaric and oxalic acids, which are contained in citrus juice.

Total sugar

Is the amount of sugar contained in the citrus fruit juices (mainly sucrose)

V

Vesicle

Small membranous sac resembling a bladder which contains the juice.

Viable

Can live, and is likely to pollinate.

W

Whole

Term used to express the absolute marginal integrity of a laminar body.

Wing

Is any expansion or laminar dilation of the leaves, which is located in the petiole.