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VARIETIES OF ORANGES

 

NAVELINA

Collection period:

From October to January.

Origin:

He appeared in Riverside (California) in the early twentieth century, by spontaneous mutation Wadhington Navel Orange.

From the 70s, it began its expansion in the regions of Andalusia and Murcia and Valencia.

Tree:

Vigorous tree, half globular appearance and size, navelina variety is more resistant to frost and chalky soil produces a very early age.

Characteristics:

Perfect choice for both table fruit to make juice.
Best-selling winter season.
Soft and sweet taste.
It contains much juice inside.
Excellent quality.
Without seeds.
Rapid maturation.
Early variety, you can collect from the second half of October.

 

NAVELATE

Collection period:

From January to March.

Origin:

It originated as a spontaneous mutation of Washinton Navel detected around 1948 in Valencia.

Tree:

It is a vigorous tree, which is well developed and some thorns. The Late Navel orange is considered a productive and high quality fruit.

Characteristics:

Navelina less than the size.
Very juicy and very sweet.
Perfect choice for both table fruit to make juice.
Extraordinary quality.
Without seeds.
The fruits can remain on the tree for several months in good commercial conditions.

LANE LATE

Collection period:

From January to March.

Origin:

Was detected in Australia about 1950, considered a spontaneous mutation of Washington Navel variety.

In the late 80s he began to be marketed in Spain this variety of orange.

Tree:

It is a vigorous tree with a thorn in its sturdy branches, considered a productive tree late harvest and with the peculiarity that the longer the fruit is harvested, the sweeter the orange.

Characteristics:

Large fruit size.
Smooth skin.
Slow coloration since it is late maturing.
Fruit rounded.
Navel little visible externally.
Perfect choice for both table fruit to make juice.
Juice sweet taste with low proportion of limonene.
Without seeds.
The fruit keeps well on the tree until late June without losing its properties.
Normal productivity.

POWELL SUMMER NAVEL

Collection period:

From January to May.

Origin:

Spontaneous mutation of Washington Navel, discovered in Australia in 1982.

Characteristics:

Tree:

The tree is similar to Lane Late, with extended main branches. Concave penduladas, not winged petioles or rudimentary and small leaves. You can submit a thorn in the branches of greater force. Simple and clustered inflorescences. Flowers with anthers pale yellow, full colors, do not produce viable pollen.

Characteristics:

Fruit ovoid shaped complied with.
Fruit color, orange.
Without seeds.
Great quality.
Juice low in acidity.
Low in sugar content.
Excellent for fresh consumption.

 

VALENCIA MIDKNIGHT

Collection period:

From March to May.

Origin:

Midknight orange variety of unknown origin, was selected for its discoverer NAP Knight in a group of trees in the province of Cape Town (South Africa) in 1927, although it was not life known until the '70s.

Tree:

Tree vigorous, thornless. Midknight tree is similar to recent Valencia Late growth and has a marked overgrowth point graft most rootstocks.

Characteristics:

High percentage of juice.
It has almost no seeds.
Fruit size, large.
Fruit ripening, of 2-4 weeks the variety Valencia Late and remains in perfect condition in the tree.
Difficult to peel, thinner shell and attached and often oily.

 

VALENCIA DELTA SEEDLESS

Collection period:

From February to March

Origin:

Delta seedless variety originated from a seedling of Valencia Late in 1952 in Pretoria, South Africa.

Tree:

Similar to Valencia Late in a more erect and more productive note. Most fruits are located inside the tree, which are less affected by low temperatures or winds that may cause quality losses due to damage to the bark.

Characteristics:

Fruit of medium / large size.
Excellent quality.
Color deep orange.
Elongated oval or round shape.
Little susceptible to damage from cold and wind.
It can be grown both in warm areas and areas of cooler weather.
Without seeds.
Thin skin.
Excellent quality fruit.
It has lower levels of sugars and acid than other varieties of Valencia Late.

VALENCIA LATE FROST

Collection period:

From April to July

Origin:

Obtained as a plant from seed in 1915 by HB Frost in California.

Tree:

Tree exceptional and very productive force.

Characteristics:

Fruit shape slightly elongated.
Fruit of medium / large size.
High juice content slightly acidulous.
Fine and consistent shell.
The pulp has good orange color.
Without seeds.
Late maturity.

 

TAROCCO ROSSO

Collection period:

Since the second half of September to October.

Origin:

Discovered in Italy by a mutation of Sanguinelli.

Tree:

Vigorous tree with a thorn in the branches of greater force. The color of the fruit is most pronounced when night temperatures are low and there is high contrast between day and night temperatures.

Characteristics:

Fruit size, mediating / large.
Acquires colored orange when ripe but becomes reddish.
Italian variety.
Without seeds.
Rough and thick skin.
Fruit oval.

 

VARIETIES MANDARIN

CLEMENRUBÍ

Collection period:

From February to March

Origin:

It originated as a spontaneous mutation in a tree yolk Oronules Clementine detected in 1996 in the municipality of Loriguilla (Valencia).

Tree:

The tree has medium vigor (slow development) and open growth habit, very short internodes which gives it a dense, lush appearance.

Characteristics:

Fruit size, mediating / large.
Intense orange-red.
Good juice content.
Thin shell.
Good quality pulp.
Virtually seedless.

 

VARIETIES OF GRAPEFRUIT

STAR RUBY ROJO

Collection period:

From November to March

Origin:

Obtained by irradiating a seed of Hudson variety in Texas in 1959.

Tree:

The tree is slow, compact growth and underdevelopment; It is also very sensitive to crown rot and herbicides. While many varieties can be stored in good trading conditions for several months. Star Ruby tends to develop stalk rot (diploid) within a few weeks.

Characteristics:

High juice content.
Fruit size, mediating / large.
Soft skin.
Almost red pulp.
Without seeds.
Exterior color yellow.
Very good quality.